Cancer has been the leading cause of death in Taiwan since 1982. According to the 2008 Cancer Registry Annual Report (Taiwan, 中華民國 97 年癌症登記報告), released in April 2011 by the DOH’s Bureau of Health Promotion (BHP, 行政院衛生署國民健康局), 79,818 new cases of cancer (excluding carcinoma in situ) were reported in that year, with crude incidence rates for men and women rising to 389 and 304 per 100,000 persons, respectively. In other words, one out of four people in Taiwan were likely to get cancer in their lifetime—a higher number than in Singapore and Japan (one out of five), but lower than in the United States (one out of three).
Health Concerns and Health Promotion
In 2011, the leading causes of cancer deaths were from liver, lung, colorectal, oral, and gastric cancer for men and lung, liver, colorectal, breast, and gastric cancer for women.
The CMUH is one among five hospitals to receive awards from the National Cancer Prevention Program (國家癌症防治五年計畫), supported by the DOH. The program's aim is to bring about lower incidence and mortality rates through education, free screening services, enhanced diagnosis and treatment, and hospice and palliative care.
The second phase of the program (2010–2013) is focused on reducing mortality rates by increasing cancer screening (National Cancer Screening Objectives, NCSO).
The CMUH-NCSO program offers screening for four types of cancer to citizens in Greater Taichung free of charge.
Mammography for women aged 45–69; 2013 target screening rate: 30%
Oral inspection for betel quid chewers and smokers aged 30 and above; 2013 target screening rate: 50%
Fecal occult blood test for people aged 50–69; 2013 target screening rate: 50%
Pap smear for women aged 30–69; 2013 target screening rate: 70%