Lead Poisoning 鉛中毒(英文)
Lead Poisoning 鉛中毒(英文)
Lead is widely used in industry or other applications. Adult chronic lead poisoning occurs mostly in occupational exposure.
Lead poisoning has a significant effect on many organs, especially the blood and nervous system.
Early diagnosis of lead poisoning is not easy, so it is necessary to conduct regular follow-up inspections of high-risk groups.
High risk industry
Repair of the radiator of the car, crystal glass manufacturing, lead refining, metal welding and cutting, painting, scraping of lead pigment, polyvinyl chloride plastic production, shipbreaking, battery manufacturing, repair and recycling.
Moderate risk industry
Automobile factory, glazing, glass manufacturing, lead pipe, ship repair, welding, sand casting, varnish and wire and cable.
Low risk industry
Electrical appliance manufacturing, tobacco pipes, printing, rubber manufacturing, traffic police, taxi drivers, parking lot staff, gas station staff, highway toll collectors.
Diagnosis and symptoms of lead poisoning
In general, the symptoms of lead poisoning in patients are not easily diagnosed early.
If the patient's blood lead concentration is between 40 ~ 69 μg / dL, it is mild, the clinical manifestations include: fatigue, lethargy, lack of interest in leisure activities, and other fertility decline, high blood pressure.
If the patient's blood lead concentration is between 70 ~ 100 μg / dL, it is moderate; its clinical manifestations are: headache, memory loss, loss of libido, insomnia, metal taste in the gastrointestinal tract, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation. Chronic exposure, there are kidney disease, anemia, muscle pain, joint pain and so on.
If the lead concentration in the blood of the patient is greater than 1000 μg/dL, it is severely poisoned; the symptoms include: coma, seizures, sluggish expression, paralysis, abnormal local motion, headache, and mastoid edema. There may be optic neuritis and other symptoms of increased brain pressure, as well as foot drop, wrist drooping, abdominal cramps, severe anemia, it may appear pale.
The symptoms of adult lead poisoning are mostly chronic, with few cases of acute poisoning. The symptoms of acute poisoning in patients are: abdominal cramps, acute hepatitis, pancreatitis, hemolytic anemia, and brain lesions.