Three major reasons resulting death of pregnant women include bleeding, infection, and hypertension; and postpartum bleeding is the leading cause.
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Preterm delivery happens during 20th ~ 36th gestational week. There is no obvious sign and the chance is 5 ~ 10 %.
Premature delivery is preventable if mother-to-bes avoid the following conducts to minimize the risks :
When a woman is not diagnosed of diabetes but exhibits high blood pressure level during pregnancy, it is often the condition of gestational diabetes.
Down syndrome (DS) occurs when a baby is born with an extra chromosome 21, which is one of the most common chromosome abnormalities in humans, leading to intellectual disability and congenital heart disease.
Spinal muscular atrophy is the second most common fatal single-gene disease, second to thalassemia major. The progressive degeneration of the anterior horn cells (motor neurons) of the spinal cord causes muscle paralysis, atrophy and weakness, but the patient is completely normal in intelligence.
Breast milk is rich in antibodies, oligosaccharide, whey protein, which can protect infants’ immune system, inhibit the invasion of bacteria and viruses, reduce the occurrence of flatulence and necrotizing enteritis, and play an important role in promoting the development of infant brain and increasing the maturity of nervous system.
Amniocentesis is performed between 16 and 20 weeks of pregnancy using a sonography-guided needle that penetrates the belly and enters the amniotic cavity to extract amniotic fluid.