Insulin pump gradually and continuously injects insulin into the body through the pump and soft tube so that insulin can be absorbed by the body with stability under subcutaneous tissue, thereby better control blood sugar.
The pump features a waterproof design of fast disconnector so that the infusion tube could temporarily separate from the body during bathing or swimming.
Polycystic kidney is also called bubble kidney. Most patients belong to autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. It mainly involves kidney, followed by liver and pancreas.
Nephrotic syndrome is caused by increased permeability of glomeruli, large amount of urine protein loss ( >3.5 g per day and subsequently leading to hypoalbuminemia < 3.0g/dl ), edema and hyperlipidemia (mainly cholesterol).
Prohibit measuring blood pressure, drawing blood, or receiving intravenous fluid of wrist with vascular access.
When renal function declined to below 10% of that of a normal person, the kidney can’t handle metabolic wastes and water efficiently. Then uremic symptoms, such as edema, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and dyspnea would appear. In addition to diet modification and medical treatment, renal replacement therapies are eventually mandatory for maintenance of homeostasis.
Home peritoneal dialysis is the modality of dialysis that you can operate by yourself. Home peritoneal dialysis is different from hemodialysis which needs to regularly visit the hospital three times a week. If the condition is stable, you only need to visit the hospital once a month.
In pre-dialysis patients, low dietary protein intake can reduce the production of nitrogen-containing waste products. In addition, it prevents the deterioration of renal function.
Hydronephrosis means abnormal dilatation of the collecting system of the kidney (renal pelvis). It can be classified according to its severity.
Hematuria is red blood cells in the urine which might be gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria. Gross hematuria means the hematuria (red urine) can be seen by naked eyes clearly.